Interview Question & Answer MCSE & CCNA

MCSE - Windows: Active Directory, Functional Levels, FSMO Roles

Domain Controller, FSMO roles, physical components of Active Directory,

12. I want to promote a new additional Domain Controller in an existing domain. Which are the groups I should be a member of?

 You should be a member of Enterprise Admins group or the Domain Admins group. Also you should be member of local Administrators group of the member server which you are going to promote as additional Domain Controller.

13. Tell me one easiest way to check all the 5 FSMO roles. 

Use netdom query /domain: Your Domain FSMO command. It will list all the FSMO role handling domain controllers

14. Can I configure two RID masters in a domain?

No, there should be only one Domain Controller handling RID master role in a Domain.

15. Tell me one easiest way to check all the 5 FSMO roles. 

Use netdom query /domain: Your Domain FSMO command. It will list all the FSMO role handling domain controllers

16. Can I configure two RID masters in a domain?

No, there should be only one Domain Controller handling RID master role in a Domain.

17.Can I configure two Infrastructure Master Role in a forest? If yes, please explain.

 There should be only one Domain Controller handling Infrastructure master role in a domain. Hence if you have two domains in a forest, you can configure two Infrastructure masters, one in each domain

18. What will be the impact on the network if Domain Controller with PDC Emulator crashes?

If PDC emulator crashes, there will be immediate impact on the environment. User authentication will fail as password changes won’t get effected, and there will be frequent account lock out issues. Network time synchronization will be impacted. It will also impact DFS consistency and Group policy replication as well

19.What are the physical components of Active Directory?

Domain controllers and Sites. Domain controllers are physical computers which is running Windows Server operating system and Active Directory data base. Sites are a network segment based on geographical location and which contains multiple domain controllers in each site18.

20. What are the logical components of Active Directory?

Domains, Organizational Units, trees and forests are logical components of Active Directory

21.What are the Active Directory Partitions? (Or what are Active Directory Naming Contexts? Or what is AD NC?)

Active Directory database is divided into different partitions such as

Schema partition, Domain partition, and Configuration partition. Apart from these partitions, we can create Application partition based on the requirement.

22.What is group nesting?

Adding one group as a member of another group is called 'group nesting'. This will help for easy administration and reduced replication traffic.